Fish are the most numerous group of vertebrates. The exact number of species is very difficult to quantify, but the average on our planet there are about 34 thousand species. Most of them looks quite normal: flattened body, located on opposite sides of the body, eyes, fins — everything in its place. Many of them are suitable for human consumption or is so beautiful that is decorated with large aquariums. But in the world there are several dozens of fish that are not what to eat, even to see do not particularly want. Some of them are very slippery, someone has strange growths on the body, and some are even are is unclear. Let’s look at some of the most scary fish on our planet and find out where they live and where they live?
Most of the scary fish live at great depths, where you do not get sunlight. They were discovered by the researchers during a dive under water with scuba diving. And the unusual appearance helps them to remain unnoticed — for example, growths on the body help some types to masquerade as algae , and to remain invisible to predators. Also camouflage helps them to hunt efficiently — they are quietly waiting for prey and suddenly attack them from the shelter.
Fish that are effectively disguised as algae, are called rag-pickers (Phycodurus eques). Their body length is 35 inches, and their bodies are covered with spikes, which look like heaps of marine plants. These shoots are similar to fins, but in movement they do not use — for that they have pectoral and dorsal fins. They are practically invisible, because it is not painted green like the shoots and translucent and stir with a frequency up to 10 times per second. Despite the frequent mobility of the fins, the rag-pickers are very slow and their speed is around 150 meters per hour.
Rag-pickers can be found in Australian waters but, unlike many terrible fish, they prefer a depth of over 30 meters. They feed on plankton and algae, and in view of complete absence of teeth, swallow it whole. During mating females and males seem to dance and acquire vibrant hues. Because of its unusual appearance, they were often interested in divers-fans, so I was taken under the protection of the Australian authorities. That is, they are on the verge of extinction.
Monkfish (Caulophryne polynema), also known as an angler, can be called a truly terrible fish. It was discovered by scientists in 1930 at a depth of 1 kilometer under water, where no sunlight penetrates. His “calling card” is a growth on the forehead, which in the dark glows like a lantern and attracting potential victims of predatory fish. Thanks to its sharp teeth, he can eat anyone, even larger animals than himself.
Angler fish can be found in different parts of the World ocean, but only at great depth. Because of the harsh conditions of their habitat, they breed very unusual way. Males are ten times smaller than the female and firmly attached to their bodies to pass the sperm through the blood. It is noteworthy that reproduction occurs exclusively in tropical waters, where it’s warm.
And this is always a sad fish you probably have seen many times on the Internet. Fish-drop (Psychrolutes marcidus) was opened in 1926 and considered to be the most bizarre organisms on our planet. They inhabit the waters of Australia at depths up to 1200 meters. They are sometimes accidentally caught by fishermen and, probably, each time surprised by its unusual production. These fish have been actively studied only in the second half of the twentieth century, but scientists still know very little about them is known.
Length similar to a jelly fish is about 30 inches, and the weight reaches 2 pounds. On the front of the head is similar to the human eye, and between them — a process that resembles a drooping nose. The shape of the body in the form of jelly makes the fish lighter than water and she spends a lot of energy movement. But, in General, fish is not particularly love to move and usually sits with his mouth open, while the production itself it will not fly.
Sunfish (Mola Mola) is a real porker among modern bony fish. The length of their flattened body that resembles a disk, reaches three feet. The body weight of the largest specimens caught was up to 2235 kg. To meet this unusual fish in the tropical waters of almost all oceans of our planet. They are unusual not only for its huge size but also by the absence of scales and presence of a “beak” instead of a normal mouth.
Despite its massiveness, sunfish defenseless and often falls victim to sea lions and sharks. Yeah, eat all that fish probably wants any predator. To eat this fish and do not mind people in Japan and Korea dishes are considered delicacies and are very expensive. But in the EU selling dishes from these fish is prohibited at the legislative level.
Broad-nosed Chimaera (Rhinochimaera atlantica) was discovered by scientists in 1909. The fishermen who had to deal with them describe them as absolutely disgusting creatures, covered in an unpleasant slime. Like many fish from this list, lives at great depths, mainly in the waters of the Atlantic ocean. Feeds on shellfish.
For unexplained reasons, researchers still have not managed to become familiar with these creatures. Even in English Wikipedia have been written about her just a couple of suggestions. Interesting can be said about them that they are threatened with extinction due to loss of natural habitat. The reason for that is caused by acts of man the global warming.