35 years ago autism was not well understood by scientists, and in this saw a strong need — autism suffered an average of 5 people out of 10 thousand. Subsequently, however, doctors noticed a sharp increase in such diagnoses among the population, and now for every 150 people allocate one with autism. The alarm was raised very quickly, launched a program for the study of autism and the development of methods of its treatment. But despite the fact that during this time the medicine took a major leap forward, while such pathological conditions is not fully understood. Among them are distinguished separately from Asperger’s syndrome.
What is Asperger’s syndrome
This is man’s condition was named after Austrian psychiatrist and pediatrician Hans Asperger, who in 1944 reported seeing children who are unable to communicate normally with their peers and are of limited empathy. The term was coined by English psychiatrist Lorna wing in a publication, 1981.
The history of this syndrome began very sad. During the Second world war, Has practiced at the University children’s clinic in Vienna. He selected children who had expressed mental disorders and deviations, and discharged them directions to the clinic, “Am Spiegelgrund” — known fact that it was included in the Nazi program of purification of the nation. During the war there killed 789 children, many of them were killed.
Asperger's syndrome - a pathological condition of man, in which he becomes withdrawn and does not recognize other people's emotions. Often it is characterized by the pronunciation of the long monologues in a monotone manner.
In other words, people with Asperger’s syndrome is beginning to experience problems when interacting with other people, he did not want to once again communicate. This person typically focuses on their own interests and often fixated on any one task. However, he may not understand the motives and emotions of others, often equating them to “a different class of creatures.”
Can we call it a disease?earlier Asperger’s syndrome is strongly identified with autism, now more and more doctors consider it a mental disorder. The fact that people with this syndrome often have high intelligence and are way ahead of peers in intelligence. Through attention to detail, dedication and thoroughness of these children often make a genius of his craft. Asperger’s syndrome was, for example, Nikola Tesla and Isaac Newton; this is also diagnosed to Steve jobs, founder of Apple, and bill gates, who became the head of Microsoft.
Signs of Aspergers in children and adults
Most often, Asperger’s is diagnosed by psychologists in schools, since the finding of the child in society can be well understood, he is able to communicate normally with their peers and understand them or not. Specific classification of the symptoms of Asperger’s syndrome is not, however, scientists were still able to highlight the main ones.
- Man hard to make friends and new acquaintances;
- He’s only interested in specific things;
- During a conversation with another person he brings to his own monologue;
- Sudden bouts of depression and anxiety;
- The man speaks only with a limited circle of persons;
- Little uses facial expressions and gestures.
Even if a person has one or more of these symptoms, you cannot self-diagnose him with Asperger’s syndrome. As a rule, to identify with a child (or an adult,children find it easier) psychologists and neurologists.
Now in the Internet there are several tests for Asperger’s syndrome, one of them was developed by the psychologist Simon Baron-Cohen and his colleagues at the Cambridge centre for the study of autism can try to take a test for Asperger’s syndrome. If a person gains in it more than 32 points, with high probability he has signs of Asperger’s syndrome. At the same time, the test is not a diagnostic tool, so in any case necessary to consult a doctor.
What causes Asperger’s syndrome?
Many doctors tried to find the cause of Asperger’s syndrome, on this subject, written many scientific papers, however, consensus on the causes of its occurrence there. It is believed that the occurrence of a state associated with the breakage in the X chromosome — so explain why the syndrome is more common in boys (they have one X chromosome and no second copy of all the genes, in contrast to girls).
Also, there is evidence for the influence of the environment, including on pregnant women, but you can say that about many deviations. For example, the air toxicity during pregnancy can lead to the fact, that the child will have problems with growth.
Among the negative factors among other things include excessive alcohol consumption and Smoking.
However, until now not found in biochemical, hormonal or genetic markers that uniquely accompany this condition. Not recognize it and when scanning of the brain. With these is associated the desire of some scholars to distinguish Asperger’s in separate classifications, and not to relate it to the variations of autism.
Famous people with Asperger’s syndrome
In addition to Steve jobs and Nikola Tesla, about whom we spoke earlier, there are several confirmed cases of Asperger’s famous people:
- Charles Darwin
- Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
- Thomas Jefferson
- Albert Einstein
- Andy Warhol
- Lewis Carroll
- Tim Burton
- Hans Christian Andersen
- Anthony Hopkins
Among his contemporaries to people with Asperger’s syndrome also include environmental activist Greta Thunberg, a murderer Anders Breivik and the hero of the series “the big Bang Theory” — brilliant physicist Sheldon Cooper.
How to cure Asperger syndrome?
Doctors usually don’t prescribe any medications people in this state. Usually the symptoms are not so pronounced after training on communication and social skills — help children to understand other people. Psychoactive substances can be prescribed for strong anxiety and hyperactivity, but if the child has disorders of fine motor skills of hands, which is also sometimes found in Asperger’s syndrome, applied to physical therapy. In some cases, these children have problems with speech or stuttering problem with certain sounds that are mostly corrected with speech therapy.