Sometimes, after the appearance of news that made some discovery concerning the Neanderthals, it seems we very much underestimated. It is found that they actively demonstrate social skills that proved their ability to handle the materials, then it’s something else. This time the new discovery showed that they were good tanners. They don’t just cut out animal skin clothing and accessories (so to speak), but could handle them in a way to improve their properties. It is of great interest, since for such treatment they were preparing special tools. But how they did it and what was the basis for their tools?
As the Neanderthals were preparing tools
In the old time to talk about the industrial production of tools of course it’s early and the tribes themselves did myself that helped them to live and work. Sometimes it happens that some tribes have produced different tools, not knowing what others are doing.
Each resident was doing it himself, and the form and materials of the tools were suggested by logic, or just the resources available, which were the ancient inhabitants. These resources were usually soft materials, like wood and body parts of animals. Particularly well in the course were the bones as tools and skin for shelter.
New research, which was conducted by paleo-anthropologists from the University of California, Davis, shows that Neanderthals were much more inventive than previously thought. They were able not only to use the skin of animals that is called ”as is”, but also processed to improve the properties of the material.
As it turned out, they took rib bones from animals to make tools for smoothing. These tools are specially prepared to ensure that their form has allowed more efficiently process the animal skin, making it softer. In addition, after processing it is better resisted the action of water. Of course, it could not be waterproof, but the protection was much higher and leather got wet much less.
Interestingly, for the manufacture of tools were used only selected bones and processed in such a way as to be most smooth. Treatment level was so high that it’s impossible to say which animal they belonged to in life.
As for the eye to understand the species of animal is impossible, the researchers resorted to special methods of research of collagen protein in the bones. It is interesting that for this analysis that a hole is drilled in the bone and the resulting material sends to the study. This time was enough that remained on the walls of the box in which were stored the bones. This will keep the precious finds safe.
Of whose bones Neanderthals made tools
The study scientists found that the bones belong mostly to animals of the family of horned, namely, to such giants as the Buffalo and the bison.
Interestingly, in the field were the bones and other animals. They were mostly deer, hunting of which was then widely distributed due to their large number. But specific tools were made from bones only some animal species. Probably, between them there was a big difference. It is unlikely that the Neanderthals began to show such pickiness is just that.
We think this demonstrates that the Neanderthals actually know what they’re doing – say the researchers. They have specially collected only the large ribs of animals, which ran during the hunt, and perhaps even stockpiled tools made of these edges for quite some time.
Neanderthals were smarter than we think
You probably guessed that the ribs that is of a bison and the bison were used because they were larger than deer. It is possible to use them with much more comfort. In addition, large tools saved time and allowed faster to get the result.
And yet, the deer bones were softer. This led to rapid deterioration and was not allowed to use them for a long time they are either erased, or destroyed.
This discovery just shows that someone out there was once selected bones only separate animal species, when preparing their instruments. From the findings it can be concluded that Neanderthals were far smarter and far more prepared than previously thought.
They don’t just understand what material is best suited for a particular type of work and make it tools, and trowels but they managed. They could also be processed materials in order to improve their properties. It is also a symptom of a sufficiently high development.