Everyone knows that the red planet Mars may one day become the new home for mankind’s future. However, in order to make it a very harsh place in a warm refuge for humans and animals, scientists need first to come up with different ways of their adaptation. One of the main problems on the path to becoming Homo Sapiens a true interplanetary species may be low gravitational pull of Mars, which is only 40% of the earth. Human bone in such conditions very quickly atrophy, making even the most healthy person into a disabled person. Fortunately for the astronauts, scientists have found a way of how to alleviate the plight of the brave travelers. It turns out that they can help ordinary wine.
The benefits of wine for Martian colonists
Although Mars is our cosmic neighbor, even to perfect interplanetary vehicle takes about nine months to reach the red planet’s surface. And it is no wonder: the minimum distance from the Earth to Mars is as much as 55.76 million km, which makes the upcoming space flight really ambitious in the history of mankind. However,the fourth planet from the Sun may seem to some to be a pretty attractive place to colonize (if only because there is a hard surface and on the equator-day performance temperatures can reach +30 degrees Celsius), this place actually is not as friendly as we would like.
One of the main disadvantages of living (if you can call it that) on the surface of a distant world will be extremely rapid depletion of muscles and bones of a person, incurred by reason of the unusually low for our organisms of gravitation, claims portal frontiersin.org. In order to prevent the appearance of future astronauts of severe forms of osteoporosis, scientists need to invent a number of useful strategies that would be able, if not to suspend, then to soften and slow down the course of this serious disease.
How to keep bones and muscles in good shape on Mars?
To the pioneers of Mars could step and not to fall in the literal sense of the words on the surface of the red planet, the researchers from Harvard asked a question about how you can support the muscles in low gravity conditions. Their work, published in the journal Frontiers in Physiology, shows that a substance called resveratrol can significantly preserve muscle mass and strength in rats, a long time exposed to the ravages simulated in the laboratory gravity of Mars.
Restaura — a compound produced by some plants as a protection from parasites. People it acts as an anti-inflammatory agent and also lowers the sugar level in the blood.
The substance showed good results in supporting bone and muscular systems of rodents, in large quantities contained in grape skins, nuts and cocoa. In addition, his presence was noticed and the red and white wine (although in the red, the resveratrol is much higher than the white varieties). Scientists say that moderate daily dose of nutrients softens and smoothes the process of dekodirovaniya muscles in the analogue Martian gravity.
Marie Martre, the lead author conducted research at NASA, believes that only after three weeks spent in space, the plantar muscle located in the calf of the feet is reduced by a third. Gradually losing stamina, astronauts may face the risk of loss of the ability of independent movement, which could threaten the complete cancellation of the first Mars mission managed by man.
Meanwhile, the use of resveratrol showed a successful result preserve muscle mass in the experiment on the space rats whose paws were almost similar to their earthly counterparts condition. However,the substance helped to protect muscle volume, this Supplement is not completely saved the average cross-sectional area of plantar and gastrocnemius fibers also play an important role in walking.
Unique properties of the substance have been associated with the effects of insulin, which, as is well known, less is produced during space flight, however, is directly connected with resveratrol. Thus, the use of nutrients during the treatment of patients with diabetes contributes to their muscle growth and helps to metabolize glucose, which can not take into consideration NASA explore the effects of low gravity on the human body.