A recently discovered comet known as C / 2019 Y4 or simply ATLAS, is approaching our Sun and is quickly growing in brightness. For the first time an unusual celestial object was discovered December 28, 2019 with a robotic astronomical observation system, located in Hawaii. At the time of its discovery, the Atlas was at a distance of several hundred million kilometers from the Sun was about 398 000 times dimmer than the stars in the background. But now, approaching our planet, the earth observers will be able to see the comet with the naked eye. When and where will be possible to observe the convergence of our planet with a cosmic traveler?
Flies to the Earth a huge comet
In the Solar system has a huge number of comets. Born in the Kuiper belt and the Oort cloud (which, by the way, today is the hypothetical place), tailed wanderer headed into the Solar system, delighting us with its unusual appearance. Some are lucky and making a revolution around the Sun, comets are back where we came from. Others have to stay in the vicinity of our sun where they are, gradually losing all their stuff, fall apart and evaporate into space. Such a very sad fate awaits, most likely, and satin. The fact that judging by the last images, the comet is becoming brighter and brighter, I can speak about the active loss of substance from the surface of the space object. Due to the increasing brightness of the comet, already today we can see the tailed wanderer with Amateur astronomical telescope. With all this, if the brightness of the comet will continue to grow at the current rate, in may we will be able to observe the space object even with the naked eye, according to newsweek.com.
Like other comets, Atlas becomes brighter as it approaches the Sun, while simultaneously exploding from the increasing quantity of received radiation from the star. Dumping a large amount of material in the form of frozen volatile gases, the comet rapidly brightens and risks not to return to their homes.
Closest to the Sun the comet will come on 31 may 2020, when the object will be to the star even closer than mercury is the closest planet to the Sun. This moment for the Atlas will be crucial, because during this close approach of the comet’s brightness is expected to reach a peak that could potentially make it as bright as the planet Venus in the night sky.
Although the fate of the comet remains unknown, the speed at which brightens Atlas in the last days decreased slightly, which caused questions from the earthly observers. However, even in the case of a small decrease of brightness as the comet approaches the Sun should make the detection one of the brightest objects in earth’s sky. So, the comet, apparently, can compete in brightness with the other bright comet recently but also flew past the Earth — comet Hale-BOPP. Then the comet could be seen with the naked eye in the night sky for 18 months, and its arrival was associated with visits to our planet by the alien ship that caused a surge of mass suicides in 1997.
Let’s hope that this time the population of our planet will be more informed about the nature of unusual celestial phenomena. In any case, the comet, made his path that took her a little over 6000 years old, clearly arrived in the inner Solar system, not in order to frighten the population of our blue ball.who knows…