Why a 100-kilometer road of the Maya, regarded as an engineering miracle?

In the entire history of our planet there was a great many civilizations, but the most interesting of them is Maya. While many other Nations have disappeared because of natural cataclysms, the mystery of the death of the Mayan civilization still remains unknown. However, scientists are constantly studying its history and recently, they revealed the secret of the 100-kilometer road, which was built about 1,300 years ago. For the first time about its existence became known in the 1930-ies and it was believed that this ancient path is perfectly straight. However, further study revealed that this road has few turns and once upon a time was connected with a number of settlements. But why this road was built and why it is considered an engineering marvel?

The longest Mayan road

On the opening of the new archaeologists was presented in the scientific publication Journal of Archaeological Science. So-called “Great white road” with a length of over 100 kilometers and a width of about 8 meters, thousands of years ago have joined one of the major Mayan cities of Coba with a small settlement of Yaxuna. According to researchers, the way was paved by order of the ruler of Civiil Ago to win Yaxuna and subsequently to confront the forces of the Empire of Chichen Itza. Previously it was thought that this road was straight, but recently, archaeologists were able to examine part of the path, hidden under the veil of the jungle. It turned out that she was winding and affect other small settlements on the way to Yaxuna. Most likely, it was necessary for strategic reasons.

The amazing constructions of the Mayan civilization

Archaeologists believe the “great white way” engineering marvel for several reasons. First, it was made of stone and covered with plaster, which, according to scientists, could glow in the dark. Secondly, the way was paved for the relief of the area with the pits and gullies, but the road surface was perfectly smooth. It is believed that bumps in the road filled with earth and limestone boulders. In General, the paved road is no less amazing than the monumental pyramids of the Maya.

According to the head of research Tracy Ardren, the paved road was like a beacon, located among the cornfields and fruit trees. Unfortunately, at the moment a large part of the road is hidden under dense jungle. But thousands of years ago the large trees in this area was not, because civilization is constantly in need of wood for building constructions and cut them. Besides, wood was required for burning the limestone, which is subsequently mixed with water for making the plaster.

It is known that approximately the same method of manufacture of plaster was used by the ancient Romans

The scientists also found that every 8 kilometers of the road warriors and regular travelers could rest on special grounds. As a rule, the distance people could travel about a day, so to move between settlements they could need for several days. But thanks to the paved route, the warriors could cope with the task much faster and easier.