From school days we all know that Antarctica is a continent located in the very South of our planet. It is very different from all other points of our planet, because at least has the lowest temperature. It is also known that the climate of Antarctica is characterized by high humidity, strong wind and high solar radiation level. As at the moment the temperature of our planet rises gradually, even on the coldest continent, is sometimes very warm. Recently air temperature in Antarctica has increased so that it was possible to walk in the light autumn jacket.
On a new temperature record reported by the world meteorological organization (WMO). If you believe the figures of the Argentinean research station “Esperanza”, February 6, 2020, the air in Antarctica is heated to as much as 18.3 degrees Celsius. This became known thanks to the installed on the station sensors that also help scientists to undertake scientific work in the field of glaciology, Oceanography, biology, Geology and other scientific fields.
The highest temperature in Antarctica
The previous temperature record for the coldest continent was recorded on 24 March 2015. Then the thermometers mentioned above the Argentine station rose to 17.5 degrees Celsius. Though many believe that Antarctica is a very cold place, in fact, the average temperature in coastal areas is equal to -10 degrees Celsius. As you can see, the permafrost weather is about the same as in snowy Russia. The difference is is that in higher humidity and frequent winds, which can affect how a person perceives temperature.
Whatever it was, meteorologists believe a new temperature record was abnormal. According to Mauricio Laurie Nikolaas, who is the captain of the base of Marambio, in February, the air temperature on the continent rarely rarely to reach the best performance. In recent years, a record increase of air temperature are more frequent and are accompanied by rain, which is hardly a good trend.
Scientists say that the climate in Antarctica is changing much faster than in other continents. Such abrupt climate change could not only lead to the melting of glaciers and rising global sea level, but also harm the health of living animals on the continent. At the moment scientists know that Antarctica is home to about 70 species of living creatures, which includes at least four species of penguins as well as seals and penguins.
Over the last 50 years the temperature there has increased by almost 3 degrees Celsius — said Claire Nullis, a spokesman for the world meteorological organization.
The lowest temperature in Antarctica
The severe cold in the snow-covered continent, in turn, was recorded by meteorologists in 1983. Then the temperature dropped to unimaginable -89 degrees Celsius, and this figure is more acceptable on the continent.