It is well known that our blue planet is separated from the Sun is 149,6 million kilometers, which guarantee Land availability for the most favorable climatic conditions and opportunities for prosperity of life. Anyway, it’s distance did not give humanity the opportunity to properly review the surface of the star, once gave him life. However, according to an article published on the portal sciencealert.com new telescope Daniel K. Inouye National science Foundation in Hawaii was able to realize the dream of mankind a reality, giving us the most detailed images of the surface of the Sun in history.
Looks like the surface of the Sun?
A new telescope built to study the Sun, has released its first images, and they are simply breathtaking. The photos show the surface of the Sun in the most minute detail that we have ever seen — revealing convective granules the size of Texas and a tiny magnetic features the solar surface, which extend far into space.
Despite all the entertainment pictures, photographing the solar surface is not the main task of the telescope. So using the device, scientists hope to better understand the dynamics of the evolution of the Sun, and how what is happening in the star processes affect life on Earth.
Of particular interest to scientists pose intricate plasma magnetic field of the Sun that can lead to the appearance on Earth of solar storms, which, in turn, can incapacitate all electronic equipment on the planet. Less powerful solar storms can also affect communication and navigation systems, but to a much lesser extent, creating magnificent auroras that can be seen in high latitudes. However, despite the level of knowledge that mankind has been able to acquire during the study of solar activity, our prediction in space weather remains rather limited, which can lead to very unpleasant consequences on a planetary scale. Scientists hope that the Inouye telescope will help to cope with such a misunderstanding, providing a large amount of information about the processes occurring in the immediate vicinity of our star. Use for a telescope in this difficult task may be a set of modern tools, most of which today are not yet connected. One such device can be spectropolarimeter cryogenic near-infrared (CryoNIRSP), designed to measure the magnetic field of the star in its crown. Another cutting-edge instrument will be diffraction-limited infrared spectropolarimeter (DL-NIRSP), aimed at studying magnetic fields and their polarization.