Once upon a time surgical operations were performed with crude instruments and often ended with the death of the patient. Today, the surgery has leaped forward, and the doctor is even able to conduct brain surgery for the treatment of alcoholism. However, no one is immune from the fact that the hand surgeon can accidentally pull and damage a person, so the manufacturers of medical technology are developing special robots, making extremely precise movements. For example, recently in the scientific journal Nature Communications published a description of a robot surgeon MUSA, able to sew blood vessels with a diameter of 0.3 mm. The robot has already proven its performance, after surgical operations involving real people.
According to the authors of the article, the robot MUSA developed by the Dutch company MicroSure for the so-called reconstructive microsurgery. This term is commonly understood a set of surgical operations for the restoration of the lost tissues. Conducting this kind of surgery can do and the usual doctor, however this requires a lot of experience and strength. Moreover, human labor is very expensive, and providing work on tissue repair robots can significantly reduce the cost of operations. Judging by the test results, the robotic system MUSA cope with the tasks not worse experienced surgeons.
Robot for surgery
The efficiency of a surgeon MUSA was checked during operations on 20 volunteers. All of them were women suffering from breast cancer, which later caused the development limfostaz. This term is used by doctors to refer to the accumulation of fluid in the intercellular space, which is breaking the flow of lymph.
To treat limfostaz, as a rule, is a surgical procedure that entails the connection of blood vessels and capillaries. It is noteworthy that the more small vessels cannot restore the surgeons, the healthier the person becomes. Robot MUSE performs this task by copying the motion of the surgeon several times smaller scale. Computer algorithms capture the hand shake of the control of the surgeon and give the robot commands only to perform precise movements. Thus, the robot reduces the likelihood of medical errors and increase the chances of conducting a successful operation.