Most of the people that inhabit our planet, with horror, imagine the consequences of a nuclear war, because we all know that this will entail detrimental changes to the human life and the flora and fauna of the Earth. We have already talked about how much the need nuclear weapons to the consequences of its activation was carried minimal damage, but even in this case, the explosion will trigger a mass death of not only humans and animals, and all vegetation, located at the epicenter of the disaster. Moreover, the consequences of immeasurable human aggression will cause a nuclear winter that will cover the world from sunlight. But what will happen to the life in the oceans?
The consequences of nuclear war
The enormous destructive power of nuclear weapons was first demonstrated to the world in the last year of the Second world war, when in August 1945, American bombers took off two nuclear bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, killing a total of more than 200 thousand people. Most of the dead were recorded after a prolonged stay in the area of radioactive contamination, since the evacuation of the population was not made due to insufficient information about the existence of this type of pollution of the environment. At the moment the bombing of Japanese cities is the first and hopefully last experience of using nuclear weapons in action.
Nuclear war will significantly affect the Earth’s climate, causing years of global cooling effect — the so-called “nuclear winter”. The world will plunge into a long twilight, as the smoke from vast fires will block the access of sunlight to the surface. According to an article published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters, for the study, the researchers used a modern climate model, in which there was a series of nuclear explosions and their consequences, which may arise as between a relatively small regional conflicts and wars the largest countries in the world.
Through a lengthy series of explosions and fires carbon dioxide gets into the upper layers of the ocean where it forms carbonic acid, causing a further increase in ocean acidity. After the disaster also followed a sharp increase in the number of hydrogen ions in ocean waters, along with a significant decrease in the number of carbonate ions, which are largely dependent on the corals, shells and bones of marine animals.
Scientists also found that prolonged presence of soot in the atmosphere will lead to global cooling, causing a temporary reduction of the acidity of the ocean. Anyway, this phenomenon will not significantly help the marine life, since the levels of carbonate ions will continue to decline for 10 years after the nuclear strikes.