The solar systemas its nearest neighbors, literally filled with asteroids. Most of these objects are never cross with us, but some of them actually represent, or will represent a threat to our planet in the future. So, 65 million years ago an asteroid Chicxulub already staged on the real Earth, judgement day, killing dinosaurs and other animals. In a paper published in the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics, researchers have reported artificial neural network, which identified several potentially dangerous for the Earth asteroids. Eleven of these asteroids, according to the forecast, may encounter our planet after the year 2131. According to the authors of the study, time is a very important resource in search of a way to prevent asteroid impact on our only home.
The incredible success of AI
Artificial neural networkdeveloped by scientists from Leiden University (the Netherlands), were able to identify up to 11 new asteroids, which are considered dangerous and may encounter our planet after the year 2131. The neural network is called HOI (identifier dangerous objects), which in Dutch means “Hello”, is able to predict the trajectory of asteroids, no matter how remote they may be today. Researchers have modeled the orbits of the Sun and planets for the next 10,000 years. Then they turned back time to see what happens on this regressive temporal trajectories, including identified to date asteroids and their orbital distribution.
The neural network got the information about all existing asteroids thanks to the newly created library of the asteroids. Thus, the neural network has analyzed the trajectory of asteroids 2000, previously identified by NASA to determine whether there is a probability of falling of an asteroid on Earth in the near future.
As the study authors write, if you turn back the clock, you can see that the Ground fell a lot of known asteroids. So you can create a library of orbits of asteroidsthat ever fell to the surface of our planet. Artificial intelligence system picked 11 of asteroids, not previously identified by NASA as a threat. Moreover, these objects were not registered as potentially problematic. However, the diameter of each of them more than 100 meters, and mass is enough to create catastrophic explosive power. Sooner or later, these cosmic Wanderers can face of our planet.the probability of their falling on the Earth is very small or equal to zero, in the period from 2131 at 2923 years, these asteroids will approach us more than 10 times closer than the Moon.