Time after time the archaeologists make important discoveries not purposefully, but accidentally. For example, in 2019, scientists were able to find ruins of a huge Israeli city of ancient times in an unexpected place, during the construction of the motorway. About the same a year earlier occurred in the Czech town of the Island, where during paving a road for vehicles, the builders found the remains of a very ancient in the form of a well. He was sunken in the mud box of rotten wood, but during the study it became clear that workers were dealing with one of the most ancient buildings of wood ever made by human hands. But why scientists believe this object is so old?
On the discovery of archaeologists were described in the scientific publication Journal of Archaeological Science. The well was filled with dirt, so scientists took some time to extract it from the ground without damaging the part of the decayed wood. Nearby the well was not discovered evidence of any settlements; therefore, scientists have suggested that it stood separately and they could be used by representatives of several Nations.
In the Czech Republic found the ancient well in the history
According to archaeologists, the well was made of four oak logs and located between the wooden slats. It had the shape of a small square of 80 by 80 centimeters, and the length was equal to 1.4 meters. Half of the design, as in all such wells, went under the earth, but despite the high humidity, wood is very well preserved. Good condition wood has even allowed scientists to see the traces of stone tools that ancient builders used for grinding the edges of the structure.
That found well may be the oldest building made of wood, scientists have learned thanks to dendrochronological analysis. The term dendrochronology is commonly understood methods of calculating the age of the wooden structures on the basis of annual rings of wood. By their number and thickness, you can not only find out the approximate age of the tree, and climatic conditions under which it grew.
So, considering the number of rings used in the construction of the well, oak logs, archaeologists found that they were cut down to about 7275 years ago. According to one of the authors of the research work of Yaroslav the Pawns, this means that the felled trees were growing around 5255 year BC. The structure was discovered traces of tools made of stones, so the researchers were surprised that ancient people could build pretty neat structures with such primitive technology.
The researchers noticed that two oak logs are much older than the others. This can be explained by the fact that in the past they were part of a house and were subsequently taken to create a well. While it may be true that the well at some period of time was repaired and the builders reinforced it with logs from younger trees.