Characteristics of works of art have a great influence on the emotional state of the visitors of the Museum. Psychologists from the University of Basel argue that aesthetic experience involves a complex interaction of different ways of perception and the arising of cognitive processes that help people to experience a different emotional state. Such properties of works of art, as painting and the image content play a role in the emergence of the observer’s aesthetic perception that scientists have been able to be on the record in one of his observations.
Painting can affect a person’s mood
Art is able to influence the emotional state of a person. According to an article published on the portal sciencedaily.comresearchers from the University of Basel under the supervision of psychologists Professor Jens Gaaba and Professor Klaus Opvista, studied the degree of influence of contextual information, works of art on aesthetic experience in the actual exhibition situation. Special attention was paid to the question of how it is affected by different types of information on well-being and aesthetic perception of the visitors of the Museum.
Previous studies have shown that contextual information significantly affects the perception and experience of the person. For example, the taste of wine to consumers seems to better when its price is higher. In the new experiment, 75 participants attended the exhibition Future Present in the Museum Schaulager in Münchenstein and examined six paintings by various artists of the era of Flemish expressionism. The participants were divided into two groups, representatives of which were invited to listen to detailed information about the presented pictures. After visiting the exhibition, both groups rated the intensity of their aesthetic experience in a special questionnaire. In addition, the researchers also measured the emotional level of each participant with the withdrawal of psychophysiological data such as heart rate and skin conductivity.
It was expected that detailed descriptions of pictures will have a stronger impact on cognitive processes and aesthetic experience than a simple brief information about the same images. However, the results of the experiment showed that neither brief nor detailed information does not affect the aesthetic perception of members of both groups. However, the properties of art works influenced the aesthetic experience of participants. The observed physical response was expressed much more intense when both groups were considered the submitted picture, and the emotional response of each volunteer differed depending on particular image. The biggest reaction from the point of view of aesthetic experience has caused the work of James Ensor “Les masques intrigués” 1930. The researchers believe that similar results could result in a very extravagant manner of presentation of the artist, the audience seeming absurd and bizarre.