Secrets of the Egyptian pyramids has always attracted archaeologists around the world, hoping to contribute to the disclosure of the mysteries of ancient civilizations. So, one of the most weird and strange rites at the burial of high-ranking officials was a mass mummification of birds species Thresciornis aethiopicus or African ibises. After a few thousand years after were committed the last of mummification, scientists finally managed to shed light on do not let them rest an ancient secret.
Why did the Egyptians brought the birds to the victim?
As the portal newsweek.com the Egyptians had a custom of sacrifice of the birds of the species aethiopicus Thresciornis in honor of the God Thoth, who is often depicted in murals as a man with the head of an IBIS. Such a strange appearance of an ancient Egyptian deity linked with the seasonal floods of the Nile river, which was often marked by the massive arrival of African ibises. Being revered by the ancient Egyptians, a small number of birds could dwell in the temples, becoming after his death, the objects used for the process.
Ibises, which were sacrificed before mummification, were found stacked floor to ceiling along the miles of catacombs in the main historical places of Egypt. Despite the fact that the catacombs have survived a huge number of mummified birds, researchers have for a long time, there was no evidence giving the key to solving the mystery of how the Egyptians attracted such a staggering amount of ibises.
Some historical texts indicate that the Egyptians may have bred these birds on an industrial scale in special, long term rooms, located near temple complexes, or within them. In fact, in one of the passages of the letter of the priest Sebennytos, who lived in the second century BC, describes how he regularly fed thousands of sacred ibises “the clover and bread.”
In order to figure out how the Egyptians extracted birds for sacrifices and mummifications, the team under the leadership of Sally Vasif from Griffith University in Australia analyzed the complete set of genes present in the cell or the body 14 of the sacred mummies of an IBIS, Dating from about 2500 years ago. Comparing the obtained data with modern samples, the researchers came to the conclusion that the Egyptians truly domesticated ibises over a long period of time.
The sacred IBIS were not the only animals that the Egyptians mummified. So, the researchers found many of these mummified Pets like dogs, cats, monkeys, and even the falcons, snakes and crocodiles. It is an unusual practice existed not only because of the idea about the different incarnations of the gods on Earth, but also in order to as long as possible to save the bodies of Pets who died before their time.