About the benefits and risks of drinking alcoholic beverages was written a huge number of different articles, each of which tried to contribute to the millennial history of alcohol-containing liquids. However, everyone knows, or at least somehow aware that the daily use of alcohol to anything good does not. The end result of the private drinking of alcohol is the development of a particular mental disease in which, sooner or later there comes a certain tipping point that triggers in the patient irreversible processes leading to death. But how exactly alcohol affects the vital systems of the body and why is it so toxic? Let’s try to understand together in this article.
Why do people get drunk?
The alcoholthat the manufacturers use in the manufacture of intoxicating liquors, often represents ethanol, which is produced by the fermentation of sugar, yeast and starches. The unique ability of alcohol is that it is able to very quickly pass all the stages of the digestive system, bypassing the liver which is unable to cope with the large amount of alcohol at one time. Once in the circulatory system of the body, the toxin disrupts the protective layer of erythrocytes, which occurs due to them from clumping together. The resulting blood clots block the move of blood in small arteries, leading to blockage of blood vessels of the brain. Eventually, the person begins to experience a phenomenon similar to the hypoxia at which the brain begins to suffer from lack of oxygen.
Why is there alcoholism?
Alcohol dependence is formed quickly. Seemingly harmless glass of vodka might one day become the meaning of life of a patient with alcoholism. Scientists believe that such “transformation” contributes to the genetic predisposition, caused by inadequate secretion of enzymes for processing alcohol. However, a large role at the beginning of the disease has not only physiological component, but also psychological. In patients with chronic alcoholism often there is a lack of measures the amount of alcohol consumed, leading to incomplete processing of alcohol and, as a consequence, to a strong poisoning with headache, nausea and weakness. However, the whole complex of such unpleasant phenomena quickly removed the new intake of alcohol, which leads to a vicious circle. It is known that in the presence of a genetic predisposition to alcohol dependence is formed very quickly — just a couple of years.
How many stages of alcoholism?
As you know, alcoholism has several different stages, which differ from each other in terms of the impact of drinking alcohol on the human body. So, at the first stage of alcohol addiction the person gradually loses control of the amount of drinking beverage, which leads to pathological attraction to alcohol. The second stage of alcoholism is characterized by an increase in the intensity of pathological attraction to alcohol, to the while increasing the endurance with one drink more than 1 liter of alcoholic beverage. In addition, with the progression of the disease, the patient starts to develop severe disease, among which the most serious are hepatitis, cirrhosis of the liver, esophageal cancer and stomach cancer. The nervous system of the sufferer also starts to malfunction, manifesting itself in the emergence of hallucinations, the development of a number of mental disorders and degradation of the ability of social adaptation. In the second stage of alcoholism people become suicidal due to the fact that in this period the alcoholic often loses his job, family, and motivation to continue life.
The third stage of alcoholism is characterized by complete degradation of the individual in physical and mental plans. In spite of their addiction, the person can no longer drink alcohol because of his physical condition characterized by the presence of numerous somatic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease and cirrhosis of the liver. In addition, alcoholism is the third stage, most often kills the person due to complications that arose when the mass failures in the body.