300 thousand years ago walked the Earth from nine different human species, anatomically adapted to live in certain climatic conditions. The species closest to modern humans descended from CRO-magnon, is considered to be Homo neanderthalensis, particles of DNA which still bears almost every modern European. It is known that the Neanderthals were stocky hunters that are adapted to living in the cold European steppes, but despite all their skills, the Neanderthals mysteriously disappeared for unknown reasons. Likewise with the face of the Earth disappeared and denisovans, Homo Erectus and Homo rhodesiensis, who lived in Indonesia and Central Africa respectively, as well as some dwarf species, such as Homo naledi, luzonensis Homo and Homo floresiensis. Researchers believe that the almost simultaneous disappearance of all these species may indicate the genocide by the only surviving species — the CRO-magnons, the ancestors of modern man.
Why did Neanderthals become extinct?
When about 10 000 years ago has disappeared the last representatives of the species of human that is different from CRO-magnon, the massive nature of this event was to remind the global extinction. However, researchers believe that that period was not any obvious environmental disasters in the form of eruptions of volcanoes, abrupt climate change, or collision of our planet with asteroids. Instead, the time of extinction suggests that it was caused by the spread of a new kind of evolved 260 000-350 000 years ago in South Africa the species Homo sapiens.
As the portal sciencealert.comthe mass spread of modern humans from Africa led to the sixth mass extinction event affecting many thousands of the period that began with the disappearance of the mammals of the ice age and continuing until the present day. But could there be people of other types of our first victims?
Man is extremely dangerous view. We hunted wooly mammoths and ground sloths until their complete disappearance, we cleared the forest for agriculture, changing more than half of our planet. Being the most dangerous kind to other human civilizations, we are constantly competing for resources and land. History is full of examples of how people fought among themselves, displacing and destroying other groups, ranging from the conquest of Korfagen to mass genocide in Nazi Germany.
Along with the language or tool use, tendency to genocide may is an integral, instinctive part of human nature. There is no reason to think that early Homo sapiens were less violent and less intolerant than its modern representatives, though in many paintings the culture of the early hunter-gatherers portrayed as a purely peaceful and noble. Many of the conducted research confirms the fact that the war in primitive culture was more pervasive and deadly. In addition, it is highly unlikely that the human species was much more peaceful than the already above mentioned representatives of the genus Homo Sapiens. So, the Neanderthals skeletons show injuries specific to military operations. Sophisticated weapons of Homo Sapiens gave a certain military advantage, including different types of throwing weapons, spears and batons. In addition, the maintenance of culture has helped us to significantly increase their numbers and become a truly dominant on the planet, and the ability to cooperate and planning, manipulations and deceptions has become our most important weapon.