The creators of many advanced projects for the development of artificial intelligence say that their job is to create a special machine, which has a kind of analogue of consciousness, which could be designed with the idea that the human brain simply encodes and processes multi-sensory information derived from different sources. Thus, it is assumed that once the basic brain functions to receive and process information are fully understood, the same algorithms can be programmed in the computer. Recently, Microsoft announced that the development of such an artificial ”consciousness” she is ready to spend 1 billion US dollars. However, most experts from the field of robotics believes that a truly thinking robot cannot be created for a number of reasons.
Can a robot think?
Despite the fact that attempts to build the first “mechanical-a rational creature” has more than a dozen years, none of these attempts have not been crowned with any considerable success. Due to the fact that living organisms accumulate experience in your brain, fitting neural connections in the active process between the subject and the environment, and do not write in the short and long term memory blocks, neuroscientists still have not learned to create at least a partially intelligent mechanisms. The human mind actively explores the environment in order to find certain elements that guide us in fulfilling any action. Even the most ordinary, everyday task that does not require a lot of energy from the body, is associated with activation of several brain regions. Training and accumulation of experience, include some reorganization of brain structures and some physical changes, such as modifying the strength of connections between neurons. Such complex transformations could not be completely recreated on a computer with a fixed architecture that greatly complicates the task of developers and neuroscientists in search of solution of such complex problems.
Is it possible to determine consciousness?
Every mentally healthy person is able to understand what he thinks in real time. Despite the fact that such a quality may seem simple and unpretentious, it becomes impossible for the brain of the computer.
In the mid-twentieth century German quantum physicist Werner Heisenberg, which is currently considered one of the founders of modern quantum mechanics showed that there is a clear difference in the nature of physical events and conscious knowledge of his observer. This observation was interpreted in more detail the famous Austrian physicist Erwin schrödinger, who argued that consciousness could not arise simply from any physical process similar to a computer, reduce all operations to the primary logical arguments.
Recent medical studies also confirm the fact that the brain is not unique structures that are exclusively run by consciousness. As reported livescience.comrecent experience with MRI-imaging showed that different cognitive tasks occur in different areas of the brain. Through the experiment, neuroscientists were able to conclude that consciousness might not be something a single entity, but may exist as a whole lot of minds, distributed in time and space within the same organism.