What would happen if the Earth’s magnetic field will disappear?

The earth, as if by invisible threads, is surrounded by a magnetic field of the planet. This field is generated by an internal source, is essential for the existence of life on Earth. As a protective screen against solar particles, it may even have helped in the evolution of life on our planet. With the disappearance of the same magnetic field, a large number of charged particles the Sun will attack the planet, gradually bringing down electrical grids and satellites. However, this may lead to the present Apocalypse for living on Earth?

The Earth’s magnetic field is weakening

The Earth’s magnetic field is a real security on a planetary scale, which reliably protects us from harmful solar radiation. Despite this, recent research has documented substantial weakening caused by unknown reasons. Researchers have also discovered a possible source of the problem, which was the so-called South Atlantic anomaly. In this area the planets of the solar particles fall closer to the Earth than usual, not linked with the standard laws of physics.

It is important to understand that even if the magnetic field is gradually weakening, it will not disappear forever due to the influence of the molten outer core of the Earth, which consists mainly of Nickel and iron. Scientists believe that the outer core is moving due to convection of heat that is allocated for the growth and solidification of the center of the planet. This engine with the magnetic field known as the Dynamo mechanism and has been working for billions of years. Scientists suggest that the current structure of the nucleus has been established about 1.5 billion years ago, however geophysicist John Tarduno and his team have found evidence for the existence of the magnetic field on Earth in the oldest minerals on the planet, the so-called zircons, which came to 4.2 billion years ago. This finding suggests that activity in the core of the planet created the magnetism for a very long time.

The magnetic field protects humans from harmful solar radiation for the past 4.2 billion years

Scientists suggest that the change in the mantle beneath southern Africa is to cause inversion of the magnetic field. According to the study, by 2019, the pole has shifted more than 2300 km, compared with the measurements of 1831. In addition to the displacement of the magnetic poles, and increases the travel speed from 15 km to 55 km per year. This rapid movement forced us to adjust the navigation system, for example, compasses in smartphones or navigation systems of airplanes and ships. But even in that case, if the magnetic field is preparing for a global revolution, it will not disappear completely, but only significantly weakened.

Despite the fact that the weakening magnetic field would entail a powerful bombardment of the earth’s atmosphere with charged solar particles to feel their harmful effects, we simply do not have time. So, in the first place, we often will draw a compasses, which will cease to perform its function and will show the area of the highest magnetic field that can be very close to us. The Northern and southern lights would be seen from lower latitudes, because their occurrence is the result of interaction between charged solar particles and the Earth’s magnetosphere.

A weaker field will allow charged solar particles to penetrate the Earth’s atmosphere, lighting up the sky closer to the equator

The influence of the South-Atlantic anomaly satellites can cover the whole Earth, which will lead to technical failure on a planetary scale. At the time of interaction of the ionosphere and of solar particles, the latter also emit electrons from their molecular orbits. The newly formed electrons have a negative effect in the transmission of high frequency radio waves currently used for communication.