Since then, as Yuri went into orbit, mankind and says that it should be in space. About it shoot films, write books, discuss on YouTube and elsewhere. Thus, difficulties in the area of space research, still very much. Those who engage in spaces spend billions of dollars on its development. At the same time, do such questions not only the entire state but also private companies. So is the game worth the candle or is it better to leave it to robots and other mechanisms and not to risk the lives of astronauts? Let’s discuss.
Of course, space is studied very little time, if you look across the formation that it represents. By and large until we have gained experience only in order to photograph a black hole, to explore the dark side of the moon, on Mars, the remaining water and to prove to ourselves that staying in orbit for a long time, though with a few “but”. It turns out the man needed in orbit-only the last of these studies.
Starting with the Hero of the Soviet Union engineer-Colonel Vladimir Komarov, who died upon landing the trigger of the apparatus of the spaceship Soyuz-1 in 1976 to the present day, in attempts to conquer space, was killed according to various estimates, more than 350 people. Among them were the cosmonauts and astronauts who died during the flight, those who died in training, and staff runs.
If you throw ethical issues figure does not seem large in the context of such a large scale, as space. But whether or not to continue in this spirit, if the real needs for human presence in space, no?
Why do people fly in outer space?
Currently, the main business of man is in space independently. On the ISS are sent different crews, and this is effort and money spent on training, start-up, accommodation and so on. This is a huge cost, which begin to seem meaningless, if you think about the possibilities of automation, which are at the ISS and modern technologies that ensure the autonomy of mechanical systems.
In fact, the person is only needed to ensure the functioning of systems that are able to gather information and conduct experiments. The operator can be on the Ground, not rising so high.
What is the feasibility of finding a man in space? You can find only a couple of reasons. First and foremost, it is a question of prestige. It just so happened that a citizen of the country in orbit becomes the pride of its government. There is even a political issue. No wonder that when listing the crew of the ISS necessarily refer to their nationality.
The second point is to study how being in space affects the human body. Such studies are needed in order to be ready to conquer other planets. Sooner or later the time will come when it will be necessary to do it, and then the gathered knowledge can be very useful. The only problem is that the ISS is too close to the Earth and to judge the health of the people is possible only from the point of view of being in zero gravity, without taking into account other poorly studied factors.
You need people in space
In recent space exploration are mainly related to the military industry and space exploration not for the sake of space, and for the satisfaction of earthly needs. Examples include meteorological research, communications, positioning methods and the like. That is not research on the flight to distant Galaxies.
Even sending humans to the moon was more “image” theme, as in the first place was meant to show which country was the first to do it. From the point of view of studying the moon’s surface most of the data were collected when the apparatus Ranger 7 gave almost four and a half thousand photos in high quality before forever remain on the moon’s surface.
Second, perhaps the most successful example will be the spacecraft Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 launched in 1977. They did significantly more than any human in space. Why should only the outside of the solar system, studies of the solar wind and detailed photography of Uranus, Neptune, Saturn and its satellite Titan. Again, all of this was possible without direct human intervention.
Just imagine that in one of the listed devices would sit people. Why? This question has no answer. Thus, we should not forget that the devices listed above, for more than 40 years, and their computing power less than that of a modern smartphone. Now imagine what you can do with the current level of computer development.
Therefore, we can safely say that the future in space for computers and automated systems. Man in this system assigned the role of staff. He will be able to repair, control the correct operation of the automated systems and, if necessary, make adjustments.
As will develop further the exploration of space?
According to official data, in 2025 NASA is planning to completely stop funding the ISS and to minimize the participation in this project, transferring their segment of operation of commercial partners. Them the Agency and will rely in the implementation of research projects. Indirectly, this may indicate that the money will now be invested in the research of Autonomous systems and the creation station, which will be able to work almost completely autonomously. It will require minimal human intervention. Most likely, it won’t even be permanent crew, and there will be periodic expedition to carry out the necessary works.
All this fits not only into the logic of the modern world, where everything is more shifted to the shoulders of robots and computers, but in the logic of the exploration of space, which speaks of the meaninglessness of large expenditures of human and financial resources if their efficiency is significantly less with robots.
Now there are many types of work that robots do in space better than humans. A lot of them, ranging from automatic control stations and vehicles and ending with Autonomous Rovers and Rovers. Now imagine that in our time, to automate and to transfer the remote control can be other processes. It turns out that the issue of human presence in space is becoming less relevant? It turns out that it is…