What happens when the Earth’s population will cease to grow?

Recently we wrote about the fact that the Earth’s population is aging. All anything, but this happens in the history of mankind for the first time. Compared to 1960 year birth rate has dropped significantly. Today, people older than 65 years on the planet than children up to five years. Fertility decline is particularly noticeable in the European countries. If it goes on, in the future, the most populated continent of the planet will be Africa. And the most popular religion in the world in 2050 will be Muslim. But what happens if the Earth’s population will cease to grow?

Red marked regions with the highest birth rate

How many people live on Earth today?

Throughout the history of our civilization, the world population grew very slowly. In 1800 the number of people on the planet was less than 1 billion people. In 1950, the Land was home to 2.5 billion people, and today, as you know, we almost 7.7 billion.

Such a sharp rise in the birth rate of humanity is obliged to scientific progress. Medicine, sanitation, mass food production has made incredible. However, it can not continue. According to estimates of the United Nations, the population growth will stop at about 2100. By that time, according to forecasts, the world population will reach 11 billion people.

Humanity has experienced a decline in population. Only one plague at the time, killed about 200 million people. However, this time things will be different. The reason for an upcoming demographic transition will be a decline in the birth rate. Access to food, increased income and education for women strongly influenced the situation.

How many people in the world in the year 2100?

Despite the error in the calculations of demographers, in the next 100 years the world population will reach a peak. Many experts indicate that the most densely populated region of the planet in the future will be Africa. But it is particularly important that the Earth’s population will age.

United Nations data indicate that during the eight decades from 2020 to 2100, the number of people aged 80 years will increase from 146 million to 881 million, at About the same time, the average age will rise from 31 to 42 years.

How to change our culture in the future?

Thus, according to scientists, in the future we will be faced with the crisis of the pension system. Moreover, over time the structure of family life has changed dramatically. The number of people in the family is getting smaller — the children will have fewer siblings, and parents will invest more resources in each child.

Photo large family in Uganda

In addition, many sociologists say that culture is moving towards reducing the number of people in the family and not Vice versa. For example, in Africa, family ties are enhanced by living together with cousins and other relatives. In many cultures, men will prefer such a cohabitation of the birth of a large number of children. Besides, those who have not got their own family or people who have few relatives will seek to expand the circle of communication.

And yet, such assumptions, scientists expressed without taking into account the effects of climate change. Meanwhile, in some Western countries, there are civil movements that claim to refuse to have children because of global warming. Despite the fact that the number of supporters of such a sharp rejection of procreation today is small, it is possible that in the future it will affect the population.