For a long time it was believed that the Mayans, the flourishing civilization of which came in 2000 BC — 150 BC, was relatively peaceful. For many years this is strongly supported by cinema, literature, and even historians. But a recent discovery made by archaeologists from the University of California at Berkeley (USA), proved that not all was so smoothly. The people who seemed to be at peace, behaved not so grandly, as previously thought. As with all discoveries, it is first necessary to recheck, but revealed the facts already forced to think about the people that formed the famous calendar. Maybe we underestimated them?
Who are the Maya?
A smooth decline of Maya civilization began in the moment when the Northern settlements gradually began to dominate the decline of the welfare of the South. All of this led to conflicts, which themselves were brutal.
An example is the burial of soldiers, found near the ancient city of Paksitan. This Mayan city middling, located in the Department of Cayo in Belize in 40 km North-East of Caracol. The bodies of the soldiers and their weapons were decorated with skulls. Most likely, it was the skulls of enemies killed, and their purpose was intimidation of new opponents. Further evidence of this are caused them drawings.
The existence of the conflict and has not previously been challenged by researchers and archaeologists. But scientists didn’t use so much violence. The new findings are another proof of that.
The Mayans were very brutal
The discovery, made by a group of archaeologists, led by David Val, sheds light on how battles were fought. The excavations allowed to find in the rocks of the remains of charcoal. This suggests that the settlement, located on the same place repeatedly burned
“We have studied sedimentary rocks located in the area of Witzky, and found the remains of charcoal. According to him, in the last fifteen thousand years there were massive fires blazing. The excavations showed that all the main buildings in Witzke was destroyed by fire between 650 and 800 years, after which anthropogenic activity in this area has seriously declined,” says Val.
Previously it was believed that the clashes between tribes were local in nature and pursued rather a ritual purpose or desire to obtain a ransom for captured members of the elite. The discovery, made by a group of David Valia, gives the right to doubt it.
The importance of the discovery cannot be underestimated
On the one hand, this is not such an important discovery, and we can say that all tribes fought among themselves. In fact, it radically changes the idea of the extinction of civilizations.
The final demise of the Mayan civilization is considered the XVII-XIX century ad, the Last point in the history of the ancient people put the Spanish conquerors, and the sunset, according to the prevailing opinion, began against the background of droughts and unfavourable environmental phenomena.
Now we can conclude that the decline of civilization began not with the external factors, but because of frequent conflicts, leading to outbreaks of violence and extermination of civilians.
If this was the main reason for the loss of the greatness of civilization, which was considered the most advanced at that time or not, will show further research, but a reason to think we already have.