In early 2019 the space Agency NASA, the world meteorological stations and other organizations announced that the last four years have been the hottest in modern history. According to the European space Agency, the temperature of the planet continues to rise and first days of July 2019 turned out to be the hottest in all the time that it is observing. Have hot weather already have consequences in European countries increased the price of electricity, because the authorities had to close a nuclear power plant.
A Declaration of a new temperature record was made on the basis of data collected by satellites European Agency designed to monitor climate change. They were launched into orbit in the space programme “Copernicus” in 2014 and involved shooting the planet’s surface, studying the composition of the atmosphere and watch everything that happens on land and water.
Record the highest temperature
Precise temperature indicators, the Agency does not name, but the previous record highest temperature was recorded by satellites in July 2016. Two years later, the temperature in the same month has increased, but not by much — by approximately 0.56 degrees Celsius. According to the calculations of meteorologists, this is 1.2 degrees higher than in the times when humanity has not yet begun to emit greenhouse gases.
The effects of summer heat
Even such a seemingly minor increase in temperature has enormous consequences. For example, icy territory of Greenland has begun to melt — it is normal for the summer, but in 2019 the ice began to turn into water much earlier in may. In the end, instead of the projected 60-70 million tons of ice, this area has lost 197 billion tonnes.
The Glaciers Of Greenland
Scientists fear that melting water in large amounts falls in the North Atlantic and harm the people living there fish and other water inhabitants. Also the melting of Greenland could cause severe storms. In addition, the melt water may affect ocean level — it would rise by about a millimeter. In the distant future, if the water level would rise by at least 20 centimeters of their homes can lose about 740 thousand citizens of Nigeria.
The effects of fires in Siberia
Of course, one of the worst consequences of the heat 2019, are the fires in Siberia. According to Greenpeace, Russia has already burned more than 12 million hectares of forest. The smoke and heat coming from forests spread for miles and even affect the rate of melting of these same glaciers in Greenland. Irreparable harm to people’s health and because in the cities is heavy smog, and their residents are forced to breathe the smoke. And this despite the fact that smoke from burning forests can be more dangerous than radiation.
The scale of the fires in Siberia
Heat waves in European countries is connected with the hot air coming from the deserts. And over Greenland and North-Central Europe, in turn, this summer, got high blood pressure — she did not give passage to air masses that could cool the hot regions.
Apparently, the air temperature in the world will continue to grow. Actually, mankind should not worry that it was the hottest June in recent years. Worry that he may become the coldest in the near future.