How many types of ancient humans actually existed? Probably the exact answer to this question we will not know for a long time. The fact that new discoveries happen all the time — here and there archaeologists have found fossils belonging to the ancestors of man. Recently, scientists have discovered a pair of children’s milk teeth buried in a remote archaeological monument in the North-East of Siberia. It turned out that the find belongs to a previously unknown species of humans. According to scientists, they lived during the last ice age.
Those who survived the ice age?
In a large-scale study conducted in different places of Siberia, was discovered children’s milk teeth. The age of the remains, experts estimate in 10 000 years. This suggests that the ancient people survived in extreme conditions 31 000 years ago. Experts suggest that they hunted woolly mammoths, rhinos and bison.
Moreover, scientists have found fossils of genetic similarity with the native Americans. Yes, that’s right — the first time such a close genetic link discovered outside the United States.
Scientists have named a new group of people “ancient North Siberians”. The researchers believe their existence is a significant part of human history. The study involved an international group of scientists, including Russian experts. The study published in the journal Nature.
Where early humans lived?
DNA was extracted from the only human remains — two tiny teeth — they were found in a large archaeological monument near the river Yana.
This is not the only interesting finding: In Siberia found the severed head of a giant wolf who lived 40,000 years ago
The monument found by Russian scientists in 2001. This one of a kind monument, testifying to human presence in the Arctic. In addition to the remains of ancient people have been discovered more than 2,500 artifacts from bone and stone tools belonging to our ancestors. What do you think about this?
Where lived the ancestors of Europeans?
Age finds time coincides with the period of decline of the Neanderthals. In Central Russia, including in the North of Siberia in the ancient archaeological sites were previously discovered samples of the human genome.
According to scientists, “ancient North Siberians” are more closely related to Europeans than with Asians, and seem to have migrated from Western Eurasia soon after the divergence between Europeans and Asians. The genetic relationship of these ancient people with the first Americans tells about the discovery of a “missing link” in understanding the genetics of Indian origin.
So, discovered teeth, which, according to scientists, children are lost in a natural way, gave us a new view about the isolation and mixing of population, which occurred during the coldest and harshest time of the ice age. In General these remains belong to the ancestry of peoples, which since then became the ancestors of the indigenous peoples of North and South America.