Scientists find remains of ancient plants and animals that can tell us a lot about how it was formed and life evolved on our planet long before the development of our civilization. And recently in China were found fossils of one of the oldest (known at the moment) forests. The age of the fossils is almost 400 million years. And they can help scientists to understand what they are looking for a long time.
When there was an ancient forest
According to the publication Current Biology, forest was discovered near the town of Singen in Anhui province during excavations in one of the mines. This place has long been for scientists “tasty morsel”.
Mine jianchuan has been in development for several years, and always worked diggers and teams of miners, says Wang Deming from Peking University. Excavations in such places often benefit from our research. When excavators and miners finish their work, we explore the wall and looking for mines in the earth the remains of ancient fossils.
Revamp the look of an ancient forest, discovered in China
Scientists believe that discovered the forest existed during the Devonian period, which lasted from 419,2 to 358,9 million years ago. This period is interesting primarily to the fact that on our planet appeared first trees, and by the middle of the Devonian period was formed and the first ferns.
What trees grow in the ancient forest
Among them are trees that formed a forest of the period, was usually mosses plants sigillaria, reached a height of 20-25 meters. Or trees of the species Guangdedendron micrum. These trees resembled trees up to 2 meters. However, recently discovered the forest looked not so.
As scientists say, the forest grew on the coast of the river that is often “study” the trees. Therefore, the terrain here was quite swampy. In addition to the already mentioned palm Guangdedendron micrum, scientists have discovered the remains of ancient sea lilies, crustaceans-of conchostracan and ancient fish.
High density growth and low height of the trees make the forest like a field of sugar cane. The trees grew up here, obviously, quite large groups.
The researchers say that the discovery will help to give an idea about how during the Devonian period there was a rapid fall of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere of ancient Earth.