If you think that flying drones (UAVs) can be used only for entertainment, then throw away this outdated stereotype. One of the advantages of such use of these flying vehicles lies in the fact that these devices are excellent for surveillance from the air for environmental conditions in remote and dangerous places. For example, one of the largest Russian oil companies “Gazprom Neft” for years, uses drones to monitor pipelines and other objects of its production infrastructure.
Why the need for flying drones?
To monitor the condition of pipelines “Gazprom Neft” uses drones in 2014, when they started the first tests on one of its subsidiaries. Tests showed that unmanned technology is very effective. high performance drone technology. Today, the company uses drones not only aircraft, but also helicopters.
Since the first test drones “Gazprom Neft” monitoring the infrastructure of this company flew a distance of more than 500 000 kilometers. Today, as the company notes, more than 60 percent of its pipelines, which total length is about 7 thousand kilometers, are controlled fully or partially by using the UAV.
“Gazprom Neft” using drones not only to monitor the condition of pipelines. These machines are very effective in detecting fires during dry periods, and can also be used to monitor floods.
Drones for delivery of goods
From 2017, the company began to use the helicopter-type drones for delivery of small loads to the fields to which access in difficult climatic spring and autumn land difficult.
The use of air transportation of small cargo manned helicopters, the company estimates that the cost unreasonably expensive. Therefore, to address the issue began to use unmanned aerial vehicles. In a car that weighs 37 kilograms, it is able to deliver cargo weighing up to 4.5 kg.
In the future the company is considering the use of larger unmanned vehicles with a weight of 500 and a carrying capacity of 200 pounds. Testing of such developments already carried out in closed polygons of the company.
Flying drones for exploration
In June of 2019, “Gazprom Neft” first among oil companies began to use unmanned aerial vehicles for the initial exploration of new fields.
Such research is carried out both on the ground and from the air using planes and helicopters. To obtain accurate information, it is necessary to explore the same area several times at different heights. It is very expensive. The use of drones allows the company to carry out exploration up to 10 times faster than is possible on earth, and 2 times cheaper than using manned planes and helicopters.
Technical features of the new drones
The company also announced that its subsidiary company “Gazpromneft-Khantos”, located in the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous district — Yugra also connected to the practice of using drone technology. With the help of UAVs is the monitoring of the pipelines at three locations of oil production, with a total length of 250 kilometers.
For monitoring use advanced compact drones aircraft type Russian concern “Kalashnikov”, with which “Gazprom” has signed the agreement last year. The flying machine is able to determine the coordinates of the target at a distance of 50 kilometers from the operator and to conduct photo and video filming at any time of the day, transmitting data over the Internet. In addition, they are equipped with thermal imaging.
Cameras are able to climb and work atfrom 50 to 800 meters above the ground. One flight unit is able to cover a distance of 170 kilometers, with an average duration of 180 minutes and maximum speed of 110 kilometers per hour. Drones proizvedeny of high-strength components, allowing them to work in the harsh conditions of the far North. As specifies a press-service of Gazprom Neft, the machine without problems can operate at temperatures from -30 to +40 degrees Celsius with a wind speed of 15 meters per second. However, they have a high margin of safety, which allows to use them at 50-degree frost.