The usual walk in the woods can result in serious health problems. The tick bite is easy to miss, but only in some cases, it will remain without consequences. In Russia and other countries each year the victims of tiny spiders, thousands of people. Ticks are vectors of diseases such as tick-borne encephalitis, erlihioz, typhus tick-borne typhus, etc. However, the most common is Lyme borreliosis. According to a recent study, Lyme disease is more common in women young and middle-aged.
Mites — tiny arachnids. This is the most ancient arthropods on Earth. Mites live on plants, in burrows of animals, in the soil and even in the nests of birds. These little parasites are known for their diversity. Science knows of about 54 000. To humans the danger of so-called ticks. They feed on the remains of fungi and plants and of course blood. Female ticks drink it a lot, some may be on the animal for up to six days. Males unlike females attach themselves for a short time, as they were more concerned with issues of reproduction, and not food.
The bite of a tick infected with tick-borne encephalitis and Lyme borreliosis threat. With it into the wound saliva of the tick, which contains many biologically active substances, including the causative agent of the disease.
What is Lyme disease?
For the first time, Lyme disease was discovered in old Lyme, CT, USA in 1975. Hence its beautiful name. The disease is caused by bacteria of the genus Bolleria. She transferred some species of ticks. Lyme disease is not transmitted from person to person.
Symptoms of Lyme disease include a ring-shaped rash, fever and fatigue. Usually, symptoms develop in three weeks after the bite. Most of the past three-week course of antibiotics and recover fully. But science is aware of cases where Lyme disease lasted for years. Scientists do not know for what reason it occurs, therefore, a coherent treatment of the disease in such cases, to date, no.
Who bite ticks?
According to the results of the study, which was conducted in the period from 1998 to 2015 and which are analyzed more than 2,300 patients suffering from borreliosis, the main risk group are women. Out of all the identified cases of Lyme disease 60% are girls and women.
The majority of new cases recorded in patients aged 6 to 10 years 61 to 65 years. Almost all the patients who participated in the study — white. The scientists also report that in the UK increased the number of cases of Lyme disease — from 0.08 per 100,000 in 1998 to 0.53 per 100,000 in 2015.