Humanity is ruthlessly destroying nature, and stop it extremely difficult. For example, can you right now to wean at least a couple of smokers to throw cigarette butts on the ground? Unlikely, but even a discarded cigarette prevents the growth of grass and harmful insects. Animal world man deals the same damage and as New Zealand is the best proof. Once its territory was inhabited by extraordinarily beautiful birds, which cannot be found on other continents. Now, most of them extinct, but scientists believe that this error can be corrected. It is hard to believe.
Birds living in New Zealand, is truly unique. The fact that the fauna of the two Islands on which is located the state, evolved in isolation from the world. Local poultry almost did not interbreed with flown in from other continents types, and therefore have unusual appearance and character. Take, for example, parrots, kakapo, are on the verge of extinction.
The most ancient birds in the world
Kakapo also known as owl parrots and are among the most ancient birds on Earth. These yellow-green creatures is too short, rounded wings, so they can’t fly. In nature these birds are very friendly and good attitude are very attached to people. Where would you see such a bird, if not in New Zealand? Perhaps it is due to the inability to fly and credulity these birds and was on the verge of extinction.
The fact that the natural innocence of these birds appeared out of nowhere. New Zealand was settled by humans only about 700 years ago, and so far the only mammals on the Islands were bats. The parrots had nothing to fear, so they have not developed protective instincts. The indigenous people of New Zealand, known as Maori, are easily caught them and ate. The meat of these birds were considered a delicacy, it is not surprising that they were almost completely wiped off the face of the Earth.
That birds, kakapo are on the brink of extinction, it became clear in the nineteenth century. Besides the fact that they massacred people, they also began to hunt rats, cats and other animals. In 1999 there were only 62 owl parrot, but biologists have started to actively breed them in captivity and releasing in a protected area. Because of this, by January 2019, the number of these rare birds has risen to 147 individuals. Almost each of them has a name.
In New Zealand, in addition to birds, the tree lives a vampire
Birds on the brink of extinction
But parrots, kakapo are not the only birds of New Zealand, on the verge of extinction. They are more bird-the kiwi who lead a very secretive way of life and their imminent extinction of humanity is decided. Scientists estimate that about 1000 years ago in the forests of the Islands lived more than 12 million birds-kiwi. Then on the Islands there were people, and by 2004 the population of rare birds has been reduced to 70 000 individuals.
And all this despite the fact that kiwis are endurance and resistance to environmental changes. At some time their population in one year dropped as much as 6%, all due to human impact. People made a big mistake, bringing on the Isle of cats, dogs and foxes, which began to hunt tiny birds. Besides, people cut down forests, so many species died because of lack of space to create safe nests.
Extinct species of birds
And that we are talking only about birds on the brink of extinction — extinct birds of New Zealand, too, abound. Take, for example, bird species Aegotheles novaezealandiae, which belong to the family owl nightjars. Their remains were found in 1968 by are Ron Scarlatta. The exact cause of the extinction of this species is unknown, but it is somehow connected with the activity arrived hundreds of years ago to the Islands of the Maori people.
Birds Aegotheles novaezealandiae could be similar to the current owl nightjars
How to save nature?
According to scientists, to fix his grave mistake and to restore populations of birds in New Zealand mankind may take 50 million years. That is, to restore the fauna of the Islands will not happen, because even the first bipedal humans arose only about 2 million years ago. At the moment, humanity is hard to imagine how large a period of time — what kind of recovery of the population of all extinct New Zealand birds can be a speech?
Destruction of animals is not so bad. Mankind has already destroyed 500 species of plants
Humanity is now important to prevent the extinction of living in the moment animals. Human impact on nature has become so destructive that even the fastest on earth the Cheetah remained only approximately 7,100 individuals. So, go to clean transportation and stop to pollute the nature of plastic waste? Your contribution to the preservation of nature, you can easily do daily, just not throwing cigarette butts and other trash on the ground.