How to work less but earn more and not being too tired? This issue is of concern, perhaps, not only many Russians, but also many people in other countries around the world. It turns out that the recipe is. The transition to four-day week. With this proposal in early June was made by the Prime Minister of Russia Dmitry Medvedev. As an example, he cited the successful experience of foreign countries, where companies can afford to pay three days off a week. How it works and how this will help the technology? Let’s deal.
The experience of other countries
As an example, Medvedev cited one new Zealand company, which refused five days. Now her employees work only 4 days a week and rest 3. This transition has improved the productivity of employees by 20 percent.
This is not the only example. In the Netherlands, four – day week almost a standard phenomenon. In Norway and Denmark people work on average no more than 33 hours per week. Recall, it is the European country with the highest economic indicators. A four-day working week is applied by some American companies. In particular, Google employees – one of the largest technological companies in the world – for several years, working only four days a week.
More recently, the transition to a four-day working week declared CEO of the Virgin Group Richard Branson. One of his companies is going to send tourists into space, and the other to transport people in underground tunnels at a speed of 1,000 km/h now, he says to work five days a week, rest two, and still have a few weeks off a year is not so long tradition. This rule appeared and was fixed at the beginning of the last century, reflecting and increased productivity, and raised the needs of people in activities outside of work. Again, Branson refers to the successful experience of transition to four-day work week at Google and other companies.
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The advantages of a four-day workweek
Scientists declare: four-day work week has a positive effect on psychological and physical state of people. People will be able to spend more time with their families, more engaged in their household Affairs. Polls show that 60% of people just don’t have time to go to the gym. The way out is to buy a treadmill or exercise bike. But they are at the end of the week, often simply does not remain forces.
Three days off will help to avoid chronic fatigue, which can lead to prolonged depression and stress. The transition to the new schedule will reduce the number of hospital.
What is technology?
Speakers for the four-day week say that the transition to it is possible through the improvement of work efficiency and automation. The first paragraph was historically possible to reduce working time and increase the time on a non-business needs. The second will allow you to shift part of our job duties on the machine.
Examples of the use of robots for many. To take at least the same robot guards. Because this is what they are created to replace humans wherever possible. Experts predict that in the future, in General, all progressive humanity will cease to work. For them, it will make robots endowed with artificial intelligence. They will do all the work faster and more accurately people. Many enterprises are moving to the use of industrial robots, which perform the most difficult work. However, these machines do it better and more faster people.
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When in Russia will work four days a week?
Despite the large number of holidays, the Russians work very much. According to statistics of the International labour organization (ILO) for 2017, when the 40-hour work week have people in our country is typed in 1980 working hours in a year. For comparison, in the United States, 1790 hours a year. And this despite the fact that they have fewer holidays.
The problem is that we tend to have very low productivity (the ratio of produced goods and services and time that was spent on it). According to experts, you need to increase it by 20 percent. The current annual growth of labor productivity barely exceeds 1%. Thus, we need 20 years to more or less painless transition to a new schedule.
As to a new idea are the Russians themselves?
Opinion polls show that 48% of Russians do not support this idea and are against it. 29% are positive, 17% say that they are all the same, and 6% find it difficult to give a clear answer. The idea of the introduction of the four-day praised the Russian residents of large cities-millionaires, where the average salary is higher. Negatively evaluated the new idea to residents of small towns and other small settlements. Main concern – the fall in wages.
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