India launched its most ambitious space mission. With the help of the carrier rocket GSLV MK-III weight of 640 tons the moon went interplanetary space station “Chandrayaan-2”. This launch was to be held on July 15th, however due to unnamed technical problems it was postponed for 56 minutes before the start. From the success of this mission will depend on – will India the fourth country after Soviet Union, USA and China, which will be able to soft land a spacecraft on the satellite.
Mission “Chandrayaan-2” continues the Indian lunar program, which began in October 2008, the device “Chandrayaan-1”. He worked on the lunar orbit of 312 days and sent to the moon’s surface impact probe that made a hard landing near Shackleton crater, located near the South pole of the moon.
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The launch of “Chandrayaan-2” coincided with the 50th anniversary of the landing of U.S. astronauts on the lunar surface July 20, 1969. As indicated on the page of Indian space research organization (ISRO) on Twitter, with early ambitious for the country mission a few kilometers from the start followed 7,500 people.
🇮🇳🚀🌙 This was so surreal to witness and experience in person!!! Congrats to everyone @isro 😭🙏❤ #Chandrayaan2 #ISRO pic.twitter.com/adkqxyStCp
— girish (@illokhsirig) July 22, 2019
Video of one of the users of Twitter
Spacecraft “Chandrayaan-2” will have to overcome 384 thousand kilometers and more than five weeks to reach the moon. But to fly to the moon – not the only task of the mission. The fact that the Indian interplanetary station consists of three parts: in fact, most of the space station the weight of 2379 kg, lander Vikram weight 1471 kg and a 27-kilogram, six-wheeled automated Lunokhod Pragyaan. The Rover installed navigation stereo camera and instruments for the search of light and heavy chemical elements in the surface layer of the lunar regolith.
Vikram lander and lunar Rover Pragyaan
The descent module and the Rover is scheduled to land there, where no one was at the South pole of the moon. According to the calculations of the Indian space research organization, planting will happen on 6 or 7 September. This will be the most difficult phase of the mission. We will remind that in April, when a similar operation crashed the first lunar apparatus of Israel.
The objectives of the mission “Chandrayaan-2”
According to Indian scientists, the southern polar regions of the moon are of special interest because, compared with the North pole of a large part of their surface is in the shade. As pointed out by the Indian space research organization, before the spacecraft mission “Chandrayaan-2” is the times several problems.
Lander and robotic lunar Rover, powered by solar panels (power 50W), will seek water and minerals, and investigate the seismic activity on the moon. In ISRO is expected that the Rover will be able to work on the surface for 14 days. During this time, he will overcome up to 500 meters of the surface of the moon (speed — 1 cm / sec), will hold a photography and send all the received scientific data and images on the lander. That, in turn, will be able to transfer all information collected on the Ground. Estimated runtime Orbiter is 1 year.
Below you can see a 3D flight simulation station “Chandrayaan-2”:
Mission “Chandrayaan-2” is estimated at nearly $ 150 million.