According to the publication Global Times, Chinese scientists have completed the construction of the first Mars Rover of China, which will go to a research mission to the Red planet in 2020. The mission will involve orbit, landing and movement on the planet, says the source, citing leaders of the future mission.
China wants to find on Mars?
That China is going to send a space mission to Mars and become the first country, which will combine in it the orbital and ground-based studies, it became known even in 2017. In 2019, China confirmed its intentions, saying that the success of the mission to study the moon has pushed the leadership of China to new heights.
As stated by the head of the Lunar program of China Ouyang ziyuan of the main task of the Rover is to find potential signs of life on Mars. In addition, he added that the mission should help scientists to understand whether conditions on the planet in the future to change so that it became suitable for life of people.
The Orbiter, are going to equip seven scientific instruments. The Rover will have six.
See also: the Mars Rover found something on Mars: life or no?
During the mission, the Orbiter will investigate the atmosphere, magnetic field, temperature and landscape of the red planet and the Rover will study the planet’s surface and will test the equipment that will be used in the next mission to collect samples of soil and rock.
The launch mission is scheduled for a time when the orbits of Mars and Earth will be at a minimum distance from each other. This happens only once in 26 months and lasts for only one, said the chief designer of the project, Zhang Juntao.
To date, Mars was sent 45 space mission, only 19 of which were successful. Now in orbit around Mars and its surface has six spacecraft: four American (three orbital and one ground), one Orbiter of the European space Agency, and an Indian probe.
Transmission of radio messages from Earth to the orbit of Mars can take up to 10 minutes, said Zhang Juntao. Therefore, the planting team needs to be transmitted to the landing the probe before the machine will start to descend to the planet’s surface.
Storms on Mars
Dust covered the solar panels of the Rover
The biggest danger for the Rovers are incredibly strong dust storms of the red planet. They occur almost every year, and can continue for several months. The use of Rovers, powered by solar panels, have proven their vulnerability to these catastrophic natural events. Therefore, the best solution would be to use the nuclear generator, said chief designer of the Chinese Mars mission Zhang Juntao.