National Aeronautics and space administration (NASA) conducted a test of the emergency rescue system of the spacecraft Orion, according to the portal Space.com. The system is designed for the safe return of the vehicle away from the rocket in case of serious emergency situations at startup. As indicated by the source, during the tests conducted on one of the test stands of the company Nortrop Grumman, the engine recovery system was run for 30 seconds and provided a thrust of 31 kN.
Recall that the reusable space ship Orion is designed for use in conjunction with a new super-heavy carrier rocket Space Launch System (SLS). His first tests were carried out in December 2014. The launch was done with the help of the Delta IV rocket, the Boeing company, however, the operation of this vehicle for manned missions in the future is not planned. In this regard, NASA has long been studying the question of whether suitable for launches new ship other carriers, primarily Atlas V Corporation Lockheed Martin.
The combination of the carrier rocket SLS and Orion capsule in the next few years are going to be used for missions to the moon, and in the more distant future (somewhere in the 2030’s) for manned expeditions to Mars. If the booster will not be ready by June 2020, there is a possibilitythat sending a ship around the moon as part of the probation mission EM-1 aerospace Agency may use a commercial rocket. This mission will be carried out in automatic mode without crew. And in 2022, the year the Agency plans to carry out a manned mission to the natural satellite of the Earth.
During the test, the engine recovery system of the Orion spacecraft turn was running eight nozzles positioned around the circumference of the housing of the test layout. At the cost of their vehicle for when of emergency separation from rocket carrier will be able to carry out the orientation in space and to make sure the departure of the ship. In the case that the start will be normal, the engine recovery system is reset together with the upper stage.
“This trial is the first of a series, the results of which will assess the possibilities of using the engine in future manned flights,” commented NASA.
The Agency also added that last week off the coast of North Carolina, successfully completed tests of the stabilization system of the ship, which will be necessary while landing the ship.