In the framework of the project Who Nose, investigates the adaptations of the human nose to the Martian climate, Polish designer Marta Flisikowski presented three models of “ideal” body smell, printed on 3D-printer. According to the authors each of the options has its own advantages and features which will simplify the carrier of life on the red planet. More information about this work is described in an article published in the journal of Science and Technology of the Arts.
In the evolution of the human nose, different peoples have changed several times, adapting to the surrounding climate. If humans colonize Mars, then over time his body begins to rebuild, adapting to new environmental conditions. These conditions the author of the models took into account when developing models of the Martian noses, which, in her opinion, most optimally would be suitable for life on the red planet. So, account was taken of low temperature on the surface of Mars (the average temperature is – 63 degrees Celsius), thin atmosphere compared to earth letting in more sunlight, and low pressure, which sound propagates at a much smaller distance than on our planet.
The first version of the adapted Martian nose has two pairs of nostrils for more effective warming of the air
The feature of the second variant, equipped with a “skirt” will allow the sound of the human voice to resonate and spread over a greater distance
The third option, the flat will be optimally protected from exposure to the Sun
The author believes that the noses of the people who will live on Mars would not necessarily change and adapt in this way. And if they do, then for a very long time, since the conditions of the planet require helmets, microphones for communication and areas that are isolated from the effects of the Martian atmosphere.
In any case, to breathe the atmosphere of Mars will not work even in the presence of such unusual noses. In case, the planet will first have to terraform, restoring its atmosphere, enriching it with oxygen and making its climate more favorable for life. Thus, the project of the Polish designer can be used only as an illustration of the possible evolutionary changes of the human face in the successful colonization of the red planet.