It is expected that global carbon emissions reached record levels in 2018, despite calls from climate scientists and international organizations such as the United Nations, to reduce. It is expected that the worldwide use of fossil fuel will emit 2.7 percent more CO2 in 2018 than in 2017. Last year, these emissions amounted to 9.9 gigatonnes of carbon. 2018 will be the second year in a row, when the emissions contributing to global warming, increase significantly after a lull of 2014-2015.
The fourth national Climate Assessment predicts dire consequences for the economy, the environment and the health of the population, particularly in the United States, if the country does not reduce emissions significantly. Currently, the emissions per capita in the USA more than all the world to 4.4 metric tons of carbon per person in 2017. The total volume of CO2 emissions in the United States is expected to grow by 2.5 percent, despite the active measures of the country’s transition to renewable energy.
USA — the leader of the world’s carbon emissions
The largest growth in carbon dioxide emissions due to the combustion of fossil fuels is expected in 2018 in India — 6.3 per cent more compared to the 2017 year. This is partly due to the rapid economic growth and efforts to provide electricity to people living in rural areas. Per capita emissions in India are still below the world average.
Meanwhile, in China this figure will grow by 4.7 percent in 2018, the country is the largest source of carbon emissions in General. And Indiaand China are trying to abandon coal as an energy source. But the European Union, by contrast, would reduce emissions by 0.7% in 2018, thanks to significant investment in renewable energy.