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The large hadron Collider closes in on two years

04.12.2018 - Science
The large hadron Collider closes in on two years

The world’s most powerful particle accelerator went silent. 3 December 2018 particles made its last run, finished the last round at the Large hadron Collider, after which the scientists switched off the machine for two years for scheduled improvements and updates. Located in the particle physics lab CERN in Geneva, the accelerator pushed each other about 16 million billion protons in 2015, reaching its current energies of 13 trillion electron volts.

Planned enhancements that will be made to the operation of the Collider, before the car will start again in 2021, will allow to increase the energy to 14 trillion electron volts. Actually, this TANK and focused initially.

TANK: closed for repairs

In the course of conducting a low-energy collisions between 2009 and 2013, scientists discovered the elusive Higgs boson, completing the last remaining cell in the overall picture of the Standard model of particle physics.

Planned enhancements to the car will also lay the Foundation for further transformation of the Collider in the future, known as the High-Luminosity LHC. This update, which will be ready by 2026 is expected to increase the collision rate of protons at least five times.

Object worth $ 10 billion managed by CERN, the European organization for nuclear research, and confronts subatomic particles with each other almost at the speed of light.

For collision, use two adjacent tubes, beam line, equipped with a powerful superconducting electromagnets cooled by liquid helium to temperatures below -271 degrees Celsius.

These magnets guide the beams of protons or atomic nuclei for each of the lines in opposite directions. Particle collisions occur in four huge underground detectors placed at the intersections of the radial lines.

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